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编造语气知多少,名师手记

2019年11月17日 - 澳门新葡8455最新网站

  And if one received agrape without having to provide her token in
exchange at all, the other eithertossed her own token at the researcher
or out of the chamber, or refused toaccept the slice of cucumber。(2005
text 1
)(如果一只猴子甚至没有用石块就能得到葡萄,另一只猴子就会向研究人员扔石头,或者把石头扔出房间,或者拒绝接受一片黄瓜。)

If he had put all the important files in the safe yesterday, his boss
wouldn’t be scolding him so angrily
now.(如果昨天他把所有重要文件都放在保险箱中,他的老板现在也不会这个严厉的说他。)

It is a shame that children (should) be forced to beg in the streets in
the capital city。

  我们知道由if
引导的条件句有两种形式,一种是真实的条件句,也就说是某事很可能发生,条件是可能存在的,主句中某种情况发生的概率也是很高的。例如If
you intend using humor in your talk to make people smile, youmust know
how to identify shared experiences and problems。(2002。Text1
)(如果你想在谈话中用幽默来使人发笑,你就必须知道如何识别共同的经历和共同的问题。)

远离死记硬背,高效快乐学英语!

Try as she might, Sue couldn’t get the door open。

  另一种就非真实条件句,通过虚拟语气来表达。例如Iwould have arrived
much earlier if I had not been caught in the
traffic。(要不是交通堵塞,我本会来得早一些。)在这句话中,假设“不堵塞”,但是真实情况并不是这样,所以用虚拟语气。一般有6种常见的形式:

告别题海,和四六级说拜拜!

如果if条件句表示的动作与主句表示的动作发生的时间不一致,从句和主句的谓语动词的形式要根据各自的时间来调整,
这种情况被称作“错综时间虚拟语气”或“混合虚拟语气”。

  虚拟语气是考研[微博]英语阅读理解、完形填空和翻译一个很常见的语法现象。但是其形式多,很多考生在判断辨识上有一定难度。那下面跨考教育[微博]肖方方老师就此考点带领大家一起学习一下。虚拟语气的考点一般在考研中有四大类:if
引导的从句类;从句中(should)do

团购平台:沪江团购

③表示与过去事实相反的愿望,宾语从句的谓语动词用过去完成时。

  6)用介词或连词表示虚拟。比如with,without, under…condition, but for

付建利毕业于北京外国语大学,英语语言文学专业。多年来在高校及多家知名培训机构从事英语教学工作,讲授英美文学选读,西方文化史,CATTI笔译阅读,新概念英语4等课程,中央财经大学美国高等教育学位项目部特邀英美文学课程主讲。常年担任王长喜全国大学英语四六级词汇课程、阅读课程等主讲,北京市教委人人说英语大奖赛英文评委,北京人民广播之声英语频道AM774《Ask
Me About名师在线》栏目嘉宾,主持《阅读Style——品读经典名著》
以及《英语早餐》
等英语教学节目。在教学实践中将知识讲授与文学文化鉴赏共冶一炉,独创英语阅读逻辑分析法等受到业内广泛认可。

近年的高考试题主要是考查句子的正确语序、置于句首先的副词、短语和选择连词

  3)与将来事实相反的非真实条件句,从句用should do 或 were to do
结构,主句中用 would /could/should 加动词原形。

品牌介绍

The governor gave order that the flood (should) be controlled before
dark。

  Had it not for the timelyinvestment from the general public, our
company would not be so thriving as itis。(1998
)(如果不是群众投资,我们的公司不会像现在这么兴旺。)

现在就去团>>

⑷在wish后的宾语从句中

  4)混合时态的虚拟

课程详情

Not a word did he say at the meeting yesterday。

  If you then examined theEuropean national youth teams that feed the
World Cup and professional ranks,you would find this strange phenomenon
to be ever more pronounced。(2007,text
1)(查看为世界杯和专业队输送人才的欧洲国家青年队,你会发现这一奇怪的现象更加明显。)

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Had it not been for your help, we shouldn’t have achieved so much。

  If he had put all theimportant files in the safe yesterday, his boss
wouldn’t be scolding him soangrily
now。(如果昨天他把所有重要文件都放在保险箱中,他的老板现在也不会这个严厉的说他。)

Had it not for the timely investment from the general public, our
company would not be so thriving as it is.(1998
)(如果不是群众投资,我们的公司不会像现在这么兴旺。)

If he had a chance, he would/should/ might/could choose to study
abroad。

  文章来源:跨考教育 肖方方-英语教研室

这是比较常规和比较容易辨识的虚拟语气,希望同学们多加练习。肖方方老师也希望广大的考生在复习的过程中把遇到的所有长难句都进行汇总到一个笔记本上,积累自己的薄弱点,才能针对性提高。

第十二讲 虚拟语气

  2)与过去事实相反的非真实条件句,从句用过去完成时,主句用would/could/should
+have done 。

专业品质,品质教育!

⑹在would rather/would prefer从句中

  指的是主句和从句分别表示两个时态,动词形式依照上述三种形式进行相应的变化。

虚拟语气是很多英语学者的难题,小编这里找到了虚拟语气的详细语法内容,希望对大家有帮助。

How careless I was! I could have done better in the exam.
我太粗心了,我本来可以考得很好的。

  If he had played lastseason,however,he would have been one of 42.
(2008 text3 )(如果他打了上个赛季,他将只是42个(最高的人)中的一个)

另一种就非真实条件句,通过虚拟语气来表达。例如I would have arrived much
earlier if I had not been caught in the
traffic.(要不是交通堵塞,我本会来得早一些。)在这句话中,假设“不堵塞”,但是真实情况并不是这样,所以用虚拟语气。一般有6种常见的形式:

考点解析:句意为:我本来想让你参加我的生日宴会,可是因为忙,我忘记了“。would
like to have done sth。表示“本来想做某事(而未做)”。最佳答案为C。

  1)与现在事实相反的非真实条件句,从句中用一般过去时,主句中用would/could/
should 加动词原形,be 动词的过去式为were。

2)与过去事实相反的非真实条件句,从句用过去完成时,主句用would/could/should
+have done .

  1. 在if only感叹句中

  这是比较常规和比较容易辨识的虚拟语气,希望同学们多加练习。肖方方老师也希望广大的考生在复习的过程中把遇到的所有长难句都进行汇总到一个笔记本上,积累自己的薄弱点,才能针对性提高。

4)混合时态的虚拟

It would be easier to do it in this way. =If you did it in this way…

  句型;特殊句型类以及单用句型类。我们今天先学习第一类别。

Vicki老师:硕士学历,拥有丰富的带课经验,善于捕捉学生心理,矫正学生学习态度,重视因材施教,鼓励式教育和心理沟通,课上积极树立为人师表之形象,课下转身以朋友之姿态面对学生和家长,愿以诚挚之心,尽心、尽力地服务好每一个学生。

2.虚拟语气在名词性从句中的运用

  为尊重原创,转载请注明出处!

课程详情

⑵ 省略连词if 的虚拟条件句中

  If you were to examine thebirth certificates of every soccer player
in 2006’s World Cup tournament, youwould most likely find a noteworthy
quirk: elite soccer players are more likelyto have been born in the
earlier months of the year than in the latermonths。(2007 text
1)(如果查看2006年世界杯联赛每个足球运动员的出生证,你很可能发笑一个值得注意的奇怪现象:好的足球运动员都在一年的头几个月而不是后几个月出生。)

指的是主句和从句分别表示两个时态,动词形式依照上述三种形式进行相应的变化。

Times have changed and so have I。

  5)省if
将从句中的系动词或助动词提前到主语之前,变成倒装句,考生对这种形式应该理解和掌握。

5)省if
将从句中的系动词或助动词提前到主语之前,变成倒装句,考生对这种形式应该理解和掌握。

Look, there’s that bookshop I was telling you about。

环球英语网校
大学英语四/六级语法词法精讲班(2选1)主讲老师:
付建利课时数:20有效期:自课程开通起3个月原价:400沪江团购价:180元课程表:大学英语四级语法词法精讲班大学英语六级语法词法精讲班适合人群:1、准备参加6月份上半年大学英语四六级考试的同学2、四、六级词法语法基础薄弱的同学学习目标:1、帮助基础薄弱的同学通过四、六级2、帮助已经通过四、六级的同学提高分数

(6)为平衡句子结构,或使上下文衔接紧密,而将作表语的介词短语、形容词、副词或分词提到句首,引起倒装。例如:

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That would be very nice. 太好了。

3)与将来事实相反的非真实条件句,从句用should do 或were to do
结构,主句中用would /could/should 加动词原形。

A. need have done B. must have done

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—Yes,butI’drathernothavedoneit. 我要是不批评她就好了。

开团时间:2014.05.05 10:30

  1. 在as if/though 后的方式状语从句中,表示某种情况与现在的事实相反,
    谓语动词用过去式;表示即将发生的情况“用情态动词+动词原形”;表示某种的情况有过去的事实相反,
    谓语动词用过去完成时。

一步跨越语法难关!

①表示与现在事实相反的假设,从句的谓语动词用“动词过去式(be一般用were)”,主句的谓语动词用“should
(would, could, might)+动词原形”。例如:

团购平台:>>沪江团购<<

—I’d prefer it if you didn’t smoke in front of the children。

6)用介词或连词表示虚拟。比如:with,without, under…condition, but for .

4.
若insist表示“坚持说”,suggest表示“暗示,表明”,其后的宾语从句用陈述语气。

新航道英语雅思如何

Tom hasn’t arrived yet. I should have written down the address for him.
我本应该把地址写下来的。

1)与现在事实相反的非真实条件句,从句中用一般过去时,主句中用would/could/
should 加动词原形,be 动词的过去式为were.

Without your help, we could not have completed the task ahead of time.
=If it had not been for your help…

开团时间:2014.5.4 10:30

Only you are responsible for what you will become in the future。

最后,沪江考研祝所有考生考研路上一切顺利。

在下面几种情况下,需把全部的谓语动词放在主语之前,构成全部倒装:

改错题看了N遍,还是找不出错在哪里?单项选择纠结了半天,最后只能靠瞎蒙?英语写作无从下笔,写出来的句子总是错误百出?英语学了好多年,动名词和分词依然傻傻分不清楚?这么多的英语问题,想进重点大学的你还想凑合多久!跟着Vicki老师搭建完整语法体系,轻松掌握语法难点、考点,为高考打好准备,让英语不再拖后腿!

  1. (江西省重点中学2009届高三第一次联考)—Did you visit the famous
    cultural relics last month?

If you then examined the European national youth teams that feed the
World Cup and professional ranks, you would find this strange phenomenon
to be ever more pronounced.(2007,text 1
)(查看为世界杯和专业队输送人才的欧洲国家青年队,你会发现这一奇怪的现象更加明显。)

非真实条件句表示不可能实现的或实现的可能性很小假设。条件句与主句皆须用虚拟语气。其虚拟语气的时态形式有三种:

考研英语:虚拟语气知多少 (一)

根据考纲的要求,虚拟语气部分主要考查情态动词的选择、虚拟语气在条件句中、在名词性从句中、在简单句中或在日常交际中的使用等基本用法。

我们知道由if
引导的条件句有两种形式,一种是真实的条件句,也就说是某事很可能发生,条件是可能存在的,主句中某种情况发生的概率也是很高的。例如If
you intend using humor in your talk to make people smile, you must know
how to identify shared experiences and problems.(2002。Text1
)(如果你想在谈话中用幽默来使人发笑,你就必须知道如何识别共同的经历和共同的问题。)

She’d look better with shorter hair. =if she had her hair cut shorter

If you were to examine the birth certificates of every soccer player in
2006’s World Cup tournament, you would most likely find a noteworthy
quirk: elite soccer players are more likely to have been born in the
earlier months of the year than in the later months.(2007 text
1)(如果查看2006年世界杯联赛每个足球运动员的出生证,你很可能发笑一个值得注意的奇怪现象:好的足球运动员都在一年的头几个月而不是后几个月出生。)

(1) if条件状语从句中的虚拟语气

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easy!

if
only表示“但愿……”,“要是……就好了”,句中的谓语动词要用虚拟语气。其构成的方法与wish后的宾语从句基本相同。

If he had played last season,however,he would have been one of 42. (2008
text3 )(如果他打了上个赛季,他将只是42个(最高的人)中的一个)

Lying about on the floor are books and magazines。

瑞思学科英语怎么样

—Well, I________, but I forgot it。

课程名称:赶考网-Vicki老师高中语法精讲课程课程有效期:课程开通起180天内课时数:30小节
价:
425沪江团购价:89元课程表:温馨提示:①支付成功后1个工作日内,将由系统自动发送卡号、密码至邮箱、站内信,或在“我的沪团→我的优惠券”内订单处进行查询。请在2014年6月30日前于赶考网(www.gankao.com)完成注册并登陆→点击右上方的“个人中心”→在左侧列表进入“我的听课卡”选项→输入收到的卡号和密码,点击“激活”→在“我的课程”中即可学习该课程。名师简介:

考点解析:句意为:我原计划去散步,但是有人来访,我无法走开。had planned
to do sth表示过去未能实现的打算。最佳答案为B。

冲破四六级枷锁!

In order that training should be effective it must be planned
systematically。

And if one received a grape without having to provide her token in
exchange at all, the other either tossed her own token at the researcher
or out of the chamber, or refused to accept the slice of cucumber.(2005
text 1
)(如果一只猴子甚至没有用石块就能得到葡萄,另一只猴子就会向研究人员扔石头,或者把石头扔出房间,或者拒绝接受一片黄瓜。)

(9)当may放在句首,表达祝愿时。例如:

距离今年上半年的四六级考试还剩下四十多天。单词还没背,语法不熟悉,一次又一次的裸考,却总是与425分擦肩而过……别急,环球英语网校有丰富四六级授课经验的付建利老师,帮你告别裸考,决战四六级!总结并精选了历年来四六级高频词汇和语法,并有针对性的结合例子对历届四六级考试中出现的高频词汇、语法详细讲解,直击重点,快速突破。五月要努力,六月不伤悲!

Can you read that form carefully, if you wouldn’t mind, and then sign
it?

现在就去团>>

If America had not made wars on Iraq, the Iraqi people would be living a
peaceful life now。

名师介绍

Away they went。

英孚教育课程价格表

一。考纲要求

虚拟语气是考研英语阅读理解、完形填空和翻译一个很常见的语法现象。但是其形式多,很多考生在判断辨识上有一定难度。那下面跨考教育肖方方老师就此考点带领大家一起学习一下。虚拟语气的考点一般在考研中有四大类:if
引导的从句类;从句中(should)do
句型;特殊句型类以及单用句型类。我们今天先学习第一类别。

  1. (2009年河北保定市高三调研试题)I ____ to go for a walk, but
    someone called and I couldn’t get way。

四. 注意事项

考点解析:答语But you
didn’t暗示对方没有参加会议。因此说话人说“我真希望我参加了那个会议。”在wish后带的宾语从句中
,如果表示与过去事实相反的愿望应用过去完成时,因此最佳答案为D。

If I were you, I would have visited the museum yesterday.

May the friendship between us last long!

I am glad that your story should have won the first prize。

  1. 在It is (high)
    time(that)…定语从句中,谓语用过去时或用should+动词原形。should不可省略。

If only I could fly to the moon in Shenzhou Ⅷ spaceship。

Not until he told me did I know the truth。

—We have to carry it on, since we’ve got everything ready。

  1. (河南省普通高中2009年毕业班教学质量调研考试) —Why didn’t you come to
    Mike’s birthday party yesterday?

③—Could I smoke here?

③ It is+动词的过去分词+ that…句型。常见的动词有advise, order, propose,
request, suggest, demand, require等。

【记忆小窍门】可提到句首的词有三个:had,
should和were。谐音记忆:一马当先“还属我”。

  1. 虚拟语气在非真实条件句中的运用

I couldn’t agree with you more. 我非常同意你的意见。

But for the heavy snow, I could have gone on holiday. =If there had not
been the heavy snow…

Not one of the students knew the answer。

  1. 有时,只在条件句或主句中使用虚拟语气,而另一分句用陈述语气。

It is important that we (should) have a good knowledge of computer in
modern times。

Only in this way can you learn English well。

⑶含蓄虚拟条件句

  1. 如果as
    if/though从句描述的是真实的情况,谓语动词则用陈述语气,而不用虚拟语气。

在一些名词性从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”或“should +have
done”,表示惊讶、意志等感情色彩,译为“竟然,居然”。

  1. (2009年河北保定市高三调研试题)I would like _______ you to my
    birthday party, but I was busy and forgot to call you。

②句中含有or, or else, otherwise,
but等词语,暗示句子的某一部分(前句或后句)需用虚拟语气。

  1. 当only修饰主语而不是修饰状语时,句子不倒装。例如:

Only then did I find I have made a mistake。

①It is+形容词+that…句型。常见的形容词有important, necessary, natural,
funny, strange, surprising, astonishing(令人惊讶的)等。

①Frankly speaking, I would rather you came tomorrow. The manager isn’t
available today。

Had he known my address(=If he had known my address), he would have
visited me earlier。

Gary was behaving as though nothing had happened。

The smile on the boy’s face suggested that he was happy to die for his
country。

A.should have B.must C.should D.must have

二. 命题导向

考点解析:“What a
pity!”暗示他的表现令人遗憾。鉴于他的能力和经验,他本来可能发挥得更好,因此用might
have done,最佳答案为D。

⑴在主语从句中, 在下面的几种情况下,谓语动词通常用“should +动词原形”

I am surprised /shocked that you should speak in such a way。

⑵在下列动词后的宾语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,should可省略。这类动词有:insist(坚持),
urge (催促), order(命令), command(命令), request(请求,要求),
demand(要求),require(要求,需要)suggest(建议),advise(建议),propose(建议)
, recommend(建议, 推荐) 等。

(4) 在 so/such
…that…。从句中,当so+形容词/副词或such+名词位于句首时。例如:

—I’d rather you didn’t. I feel a bit cold。

Inside the pyramids are burial rooms for the kings and queens。

Eve’s very tall, as was her mother。

May you succeed in the future!

更多高考信息请访问:高考频道 高考论坛 高考博客圈 高考贴吧

Should anyone call (= If anyone calls), please tell them that I’m
busy。

Long ago there lived a king with his three lovely daughters。

考点解析:答语意为“我本来应该去的,但是我忘记了”。should have done
表示“本来应该做某事,而未做”。作为简略,done 被省略,只保留should
have,最佳答案为A。

①表示将来的愿望实现的可能性非常小,wish后的宾语从句的谓语动词用should/would/could/
might+动词原形。

4.
当前后两个说话人谈论的是同一人、同一事时,常用so/as+主语+系动词/助动词/情态动词,不再采用主谓倒装。例如:

It is strange /surprising that she should not have been invited。

(4)直接引语的全部或部分位于句首时。例如:

Could you let me have your passport? 看看你的护照好吗?

③How he wished he hadn’t wasted too much time on playing computer games
while at school.

②He always wishes he were a millionaire and owned a big house and a
sports car.

第十三讲 倒装句

② It is +名词+that…句型。常见的名词有pity, shame, advice, suggestion,
proposal(提议,建议), requirement, request, desire, order等。

It sounds as though she has been really ill。

  1. 当主语是人称代词而不是名词时,以简短副词开头的句子不倒装。例如:

He was on business in Beijing at that time; otherwise he might have
helped us。

(2) 在not…until…, no sooner…than…, scarcely/hardly…when…, not
only…but also… neither…nor.。.等句式中。例如:

(1) little, never, not, seldom, neither, nor, rarely, seldom, by no
means, at no time,under no circumstances, in no
case等表示否定意义的单词和短语位于句首时。例如:

四. 注意事项

(3)Such作表语置于句首时。例如:

It couldn’t be better. 那太好了。

在下列几种情况下,只把助动词、系动词或情态动词放在主语之前,构成部分倒装。

In case you should need any help, here’s my number。

I should have attended my friend’s wedding ceremony, but I couldn’t
afford the time。

I would appreciate it ifyou call back this afternoon for the doctor’s
appointment.

“may+动词原形”表示祝愿,通常把may置于句首,构成倒装语序。

Luckily Mary telephoned to inform me of the meeting, or would have been
I absent。

三。复习要点

Weweretohavearrived at9:00thismorning,butImissedthefirst bus.

I find it astonishing that he should be so rude to his mum。

五. 精典名题导解

Suddenly, in came a man with a mask on his face。

一. 考纲要求

在would rather/would
prefer后的宾语从句中,常用过去时表示与现在或将来事实相反的愿望,用过去完成时表示与过去事实相反的愿望。

  1. 在简单句中

If we didn’t have an exam tomorrow, my friends and I could be playing
football now。

如果把连接条件从句的连词if省略,必须将从句的谓语部分的助动词had,
情态动词should或系动词were等移至主语之前,构成倒装语序。例如:

  1. hadthought/hoped/meant/intended/expected/wanted/plannedthat+从句
    表示主语过去未曾实现的愿望。

依据语境来判断虚拟语气的不同形式是高考试题的主要设题方法之一。在近年的高考试题中,出现了对陈述语气与虚拟语气辨析的考查。虚拟语气在各种从句中的应用是该部分的重点掌握内容。

虚拟语气是一种特殊的动词形式,说话人陈述的并不是事实,而是表达一种愿望、假设和猜测等。只有在非真实的条件句中才使用虚拟语气,如果假设的条件有可能实现,用真实条件句。如果假设的条件无法实现或实现的可能性很小,则用虚拟语气。使用虚拟语气的情况主要有下列几种:

  1. 错综时间虚拟条件句中

【记忆小窍门】一个“坚持”和”催促”、二个“命令”, 三个“要求”, 四个“建议”。

③表示一种假设在将来实现的可能性很小或者根本无法实现,从句谓语动词可用三种形式:①动词过去式
②were to +动词原形 ③should+动词原形,主句谓语动词用:should (would,
could, might)+动词原形。

It is required that middle-schools students (should) take at least
one-hour exercise every day。

  1. not 修饰主语而不是修饰动词时,句子不倒装。例如:

Might I speak to you for a moment?
我能和你谈一下吗?(使用might比may更客气)

②表示与过去事实相反的假设,从句的谓语动词用“had+过去分词”,主句的谓语动词用“should
(would, could, might)+have+过去分词”。

Here you are。

Little does he care about what others think。

Should I meet Jay Zhou some day(=If I should meet Jay Zhou some day), I
might tell him that I like him.

在in case 引导的目的状语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”;在so that,
in order that
等引导的目的状语从句中,谓语动词除了用“should+动词原形”外,还可用“might/could/would+动词原形”。

Neither does he drink nor smoke。

Not only do the workers want a pay increase, they want reduced hours as
well。

(5)当表示前面所说的情况也适用于另一个人或事物时,常用so/as+系动词/助动词/情态动词+主语,表示“……也是……”。例如:

Doctors strongly recommend that fathers (should) be present at their
baby’s birth。

Child as he is, he knows a lot of things。

  1. (2008江西)What a pity! Considering his ability and experience, he
    ____ better。

Were I you(=If you were I), I would get on well with my teachers and
classmates。

I wouldn’t have dreamed of it. 我做梦也没有想到啊!

②表示与现在事实相反的愿望,宾语从句的谓语动词用一般过去时(be动词用were)。

In the center of the square stands a monument。

⑶在含有advice, order, demand, proposal(提议) requirement,
suggestion等名词的表语从句、同位语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,should可省略。

It’s high time that we devoted/should devote our time to preparing for
the coming exam。

(2)表示时间、地点和动作转移的副词如here、there、now、then、up、down、in、away、out等置于句首时,为使生动地描述情景而采用倒装语序。此时,句子多用一般现在时或一般过去时。例如:

— Do you mind if I open the window?

  1. 部分倒装

(7)省略if的虚拟条件句,把助动词were、had、should提到主语前面时。例如:

A. can manage B. could have managed C. could manage D. can have managed

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(8)as和though引导的让步状语从句时。例如:

—You forgot your purse when you went out。

②I would rather you had gone to the party with me last night. It was
really wonderful。

The coach always treats the players as if they were his own children.

⑵表示祝愿

考点解析:句意为:
“我们本来有时间参观(文化古迹)的,可是我们在购物上花费了太多的时间”。
could have done表示“过去本来可以做某事(而未做) ”。最佳答案为A。

  1. (2008山东)Thank you for all your hard work last week. I don’t think
    we ______ it without you。

Under no circumstances are you to leave the house。

They couldn’t understand it at the time, and nor could we。

If Li Ming had spent more time on her studies, she
might/would/could/should have been admitted to Tsinghua University last
year。

—How was you interview?

If only I had known the answer when my teacher questioned me。

She was suffering from a bad cold. Her head felt as if it would burst。

4.在in case, in order that目的状语从句中

(5)表示地点的介词短语开头的句子。

It’s suggested that the school (should) organize an outing when spring
comes。

考点解析:句中的介词短语without you表示一个假设的条件,而时间状语last
week表明句子陈述的内容与过去的事实相反,因此最佳答案为B。

有时,可不用条件句表示一个非真实的条件,而用一些介词短语或通过上下文中暗含某种非真实的条件,这种句子叫做“含蓄条件句”。例如:

It looks as if it is going to rain。

二。命题导向

—Good heavens, so I did。

May you succeed! 祝你成功!

  1. 全部倒装

—No, we _____ visited it, but we spent too much time shopping。

—Shall I give you a ride as you live so far away?

My suggestion is that the project (should) be completed by the end of
the year。

(3) 当only 修饰副词、介词短语或状语从句位于句首时。例如:

There comes the bus!

⑴情态动词Would/could/might,表示说话人的礼貌或委婉的语气,常用于日常会话中。

  1. 在“hadbetter/wouldrather,wouldlike/love to,
    was/wereto+havedonesth”表示过去希望做某事,但事实上未做。例如:

If you should change your mind, do let me know。

根据考纲的要求,考生需要掌握使用部分倒装和全部倒装的几种常见情况。

The policeman demanded the thief (should) tell his name and address。

Hardly had she sat down when the phone rang。

  1. (2009年郑州市第二次质量检测) —I wish I ________ the meeting。

三。复习要点

Such was Albert Einstein, a simple man and the 20th century’s greatest
scientist.

Seated on the grass are a group of students。

On the back wall hangs a portrait。

“If you die, who will get your money?”asked Holmes。

She would be shocked to hear the news. =If she heard the news…

If only Xiao Hua’s mother were still alive!

A. to invite B. inviting C. to have invited D. having invited

A. was planning B. had planned C. planned D. would plan

(6)当neither, nor位于句首,
表示前面否定的内容也适用与另一个人或事物时,常用neither/nor+系动词/助动词/情态动词+主语,表示“……也不……”。例如:

3.
在一些日常会话中,一些简单句通常暗含虚拟的意味。句中的谓语动词用would/could/
should be等形式或should/would/could/might have been等形式。

It is necessary that these useful expressions (should) be learnt by
heart。

在以上三种句型中,主语从句的谓语动词要用“should+动词原形”,
should可省略。例如:

①通过with, without, but for和动词不定式短语等表示虚拟的条件

—It couldn’t have been better. Luckily, I found all the answers to
questions。

The man insisted that he had not stolen anything and (should) be set
free immediately。

—Lucy is crying in the corner now. Didyouscoldherforhercarelessness in
her homework?

There goes the phone. I’ll answer it。

C. can have done D. might have done

Gone forever are the days when the Chinese people had to use foreign
oil。

A. could have B. must have C. can have D. ought to have

—So you did。

If you were the UN Secretary General, could you stop the wars on the
earth?

Would you be kind enough to show me the way to the post office?
您能否指点我去邮局的路?

—What would you do if it rains tomorrow?

We wish the friendship between the two countries would last forever。

Strange though it may seem, I like housework。

—I reminded you not to forget the appointment。

(1)在There
be/seem/appear/live/stand/lie/fly/exist/remain等存在句中。例如:

I took a taxi so that I would/could/might be in time for the
appointment。

⑸在would rather/would prefer后的宾语从句中

The captain insisted that the wounded soldier (should) be sent to
hospital at once。

—But you didn’t。

So exhausted was she that she wanted to have a rest。

IhadhopedthatIwouldbeof some help to you, but you didn’t ask me。

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